Title II, Part A was originally authorized as Eisenhower Professional Development and the Class Size Reduction programs under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, was reauthorized in 2001 by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and in 2015 by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).
Title II, Part A Supporting Effective Instruction Grant funds are obtained by the State on the basis of the United States Department of Education’s (ED) approval of either (1) Georgia's State plan or (2) Georgia's consolidated application that includes the Title II, Part A Program. Through the program, state and local educational agencies (SEAs and LEAs) receive funds using a ED provided formula based on poverty and population.
The purpose of the Title II, Part A grant is
to increase student achievement consistent with challenging State academic standards,
to improve the quality and effectiveness of teachers, principals and other school leaders,
to increase the number of teachers, principals and other school leaders who are effective in improving student academic achievement in schools, and
to provide low-income and minority student greater access to effective of teachers, principals and other school leaders.
These funds are consolidated with Title I, Part A to give the school system and schools more flexibility in utilizing the funds to meet the intent of the program and meet the needs of the schools.